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Below is a brief explanation of the key words, given in alphabetical order (apart from the 6 ‘R’s’) This is not exhaustive, for further study I would recommend a good dictionary of Bible words.
The word Canon is from the Hebrew -
Eventually it was accept as a ‘Rule of Faith.’
In Biblical use it is limited to the 66 books divinely accepted books of the Bible. This is known as the Canon of Scripture. Critical scholars have sought to distinguish God’s Word from erroneous human words, thus they say they have a “Canon within a Canon.”
The Old Testament does not have any direct statement on the manner on which the book obtained their divine authority and canonicity. Church Father’s of the 4th century first used the term Scripture to distinguish them from authoritarian writings of the church. The crystallisation of what we know call the Old Testament was long and complicated. The canon was completed in the time of Ezra c. 450 BC. Josephus the Jewish historian uses the phrases ‘Holy Books’ or ‘Holy Writings.’
The Old Testament is divided into 3 parts
1) The Law, Torah, Pentateuch -
2) The Prophets -
Latter Prophets -
3) The Writings -
For Christian to use the term “Old Testament canon” signifies the Old Testament is regarded as a closed collection of 39 books inspired by the Holy Spirit -
These books have a normative authority and are valid as the rule for faith and life. The final provision is important for the Christian since since it serves to emphasise the unity of the revelation of BOTH TESTAMENTS.
The New Testament was completed at the close of the 1st century, it was written approximately between 40 and 96 AD. The New Testament like the Old falls into 3 parts.
1) The words of Jesus Christ -
2) The Apostolic writings -
3) Other Christian leaders -
After the writings were circulated their general acceptance took many years. The first church leader to have all 27 books in a list was Athenasus d. 373 AD Bishop if Alexandria in a church letter written at Easter 367 AD, The final acceptance of the New Testament canon took place at a church council held in Hippo 393 AD and Carthage in 397 AD.Both councils were presided over by Augustine of Hippo.
About this time
Jerome finished his revision of of the first Latin New Testament called the Vulgate (Common). This contained all 27 books the New Testament canon was now in place.
EARLY CHURCH FATHERS
This term is used for church leaders from the and of the Apostolic era roughly 100 AD to the beginning of the 4th century. Their writings are of great importance and give us much information about the Apostles and the New Testament.
Despite errors and heresies that have come into the church they are still help full.
FIGURES OF SPEECH
1. ALLEGORY -
2. METAPHOR -
3. MIXED METAPHORS -
4. SIMILE -
5. PARABLE -
6. FABLE -
7. ELLIPSIS -
8. PARADOX -
9. IRONY -
10. HYPERBOLE -
11. SYNECDOCHE -
12. ZEUGMA -
13. SYILLEPSIS -
14. EUPHEMISM -
15. METONYMY -
According to W.E. Vine the Greek word for gospel is EUANGGLION this denoted a reward for bringing good tidings. Later the reward was dropped and the word stands for the good tidings themselves. In English we have EVANGEL which is derived from the Greek.
Good News is about the Kingdom of God and salvation (see Salvation) through Christ to be received by faith on the basis of his expiatory work on the cross, His burial and His resurrection and ascension. Acts 15:7; 20:24; 1 Peter 4:17.
The word Euangelion is very much a Christian word. It is used in classical Greek but it is the New Testament that gives it the distinctive meaning of Good News.
So the gospel is the whole Christian message. The New Testament speaks of it a being:-
The above bullet points are from -
The work of the Holy Spirit in enlightening the mind as you study the Scripture and wait on God to give you a message.
Inspiration is more widely used of the Scriptures themselves -
The principle of inspiration applies to the whole Bible, so “prophecy” in 2 Peter 1:20-
Up to the publication of the New International Version in 1973, all previous versions had the word “Inspired” in 2 Timothy 2:16. “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God.” The Greek word behind inspiration is THEOPNEUSTOS, made up of two Greek words. THEOS meaning God and Pneustos meaning breath or spirit.
As B.B. Warfield pointed out over 100 years ago -
Let me quote Warfield again -
When Paul declared then, that “Every Scripture” or “All Scripture” is the product of the Divine breath, is “God breathed,” he asserts with as much enervy as he could employ that Scripture is the product of a specifically Divine operation.” (B.B. Warfield -
So it is not human authors that were inspired but the Scripture themselves.
Christians who hold that the Bible is God’s Word and is infallible usually call this Plenary and Verbal inspiration. This does not mean mechanical dictation of the words -
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|Herm Lesson 1|
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|Herm Lesson 3|
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|Self Teach 1|
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|Christians and Chrestians|
|How the Bible came to us 1|
|How the Bible came to us 2|
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|How the Bible came to us 4|
|How the Bible came to us 5|